PEMBUATAN BIOBRIKET DARI CAMPURAN ARANG KAYU, LIMBAH PADAT KERTAS DAN AMPAS TEBU SEBAGAI ENERGI ALTERNATIF

ROBY, PANDU WIJAYA (2012) PEMBUATAN BIOBRIKET DARI CAMPURAN ARANG KAYU, LIMBAH PADAT KERTAS DAN AMPAS TEBU SEBAGAI ENERGI ALTERNATIF. Undergraduate thesis, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning.

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      Abstract

      The scarcity of fuel or energy resource is a big issue in Indonesia. Waste paper and bagasse, which can contaminate the environment, are factually potential and can be proceed to be an alternative energy. Grounded on that fact, some researches have been done to understand that the blend of solid-paper waste, bagasse, and charcoal, can be bio-briquette. The compositions tested in this research are bio-briquettes with the ratio of 90% : 10% [ (30% of solid-paper waste + 60% of bagasse) : 10% of charcoal ] ; 70% : 30% [ (20% of solid-paper waste + 50% of bagasse) : 30% of charcoal ] ; 60% : 40% [ (30% of solid-paper waste + 30% of bagasse) : 40% of charcoal ] ; 50% : 50% [ (40% of solid-paper waste + 10 % of bagasse) : 50 % of charcoal]. At the beginning, the research is done by collecting, finely crushing, and testing the basic materials (the testing components are water content, calor value, and ash content). The next steps are mixing the basic materials (charcoal, solid-paper waste, bagasse, and molasses) and pressing the blend with 150 kpa (pressure level). The last step is drying the blend which has been pressed. The re-testing of water content, heat value, and ash content after the bio-briquettes have finished is done for understanding the maximum heat value and the period of combustion. From the different ratio of bio-briquettes compositions (as the samples of this research), the ratio of 50% : 50% is the best composition of bio-briquette because it can burn out faster and has maximum heat. Keywords: Bio-briquette, Sugar Cane, Wood Charcoal, Solid Waste Paper, Calor, Water Content, and Ash Content.

      Item Type: Thesis (Undergraduate)
      Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
      Divisions: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning > Environmental Engineering
      Depositing User: Fitri Yulianto
      Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 13:59
      Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 13:59
      URI: http://eprints.upnjatim.ac.id/id/eprint/4388

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